Hydroponics basins provide much more fertile environment for plants, and as such, crops planted in them grow much more quickly than in soil. The disadvantage of hydroponics is their need of power to operate, without which the crops planted in the basin die. The other disadvantage is the limited selection of crops that can be grown hydroponically.
All other growth conditions still need to be met, the basin provides only soil fertility. Therefore the plants require light and warmth too. Sun lamps are required if you're growing indoors as they are the only artificial lighting source that provides enough lighting for plant growth. Standing lamps only provide 50% lighting, not enough for growth.
Currently, only potatoes, rice, strawberries, cotton, hops, smokeleaf , psychoid, and healroot can be grown in hydroponics basins. To build the basins, you first need to research them at a research bench.